The Second of the Three Spirits The scene at Bob Cratchit's unassuming little abode is pivotal to the development of the novella. Dickens uses the opportunity to put forth a poignant criticism of the unfeeling members of a disconnected upper class and to present a highly sentimentalize d portrait of the lower classes. This picture is designed to address and undermine Victorian class prejudice and awaken Dickens' readers to the harsh realities of poverty.
He adds that Scrooge very much knew that Marley was dead, having been his partner and only friend. He keeps his office cold, not even heating it at Christmas time. Consequently, everybody who comes into contact with Scrooge avoids him.
Even the beggars in the street are silent when he passes. But this is exactly the way Scrooge likes it, says the narrator. Already, the poor townsfolk are elevated above Scrooge in moral standing — he is a caricature of a lonely miser.
He chooses being alone. Scrooge keeps the coal bucket and will not allow Cratchit to take any. His greed is so extreme that he will not even spend the money to allow Cratchit to be warm in the office. Unlike Scrooge, he is a picture of health and happiness.
Fred wittily responds that Scrooge has no right to meanness when he is so rich. Fred is the opposite of Scrooge in appearance and spirit. Though Fred is poor though not as poor as Cratchithis attire is colorful and he is generous and sociable with his Christmas provisions. But Scrooge sees any such human sentiment—anything that interferes with the accumulation of money—as foolishness.
Note how Scrooge here condemns such fools to death, when over the next few nights it will be he who learns that he is condemned to a terrible death. Scrooge tells Fred to leave him alone, that Christmas has never done any good.
Apart from its sacred meaning, it is a time for goodness and charity. Bob Cratchit applauds from his cell and Scrooge threatens to fire him if he makes another sound.
Scrooge sees "good" as referring solely to profits. Fred knows this, and counters that "good" means something else entirely. For characters like Fred and Bob Cratchit, Christmas represents the Christian ideal of goodness and moral prosperity, but Scrooge is at his most miserly when Christmas is mentioned.
As we will later learn, his bitterness originates at Christmas time and has warped his perspective of it. Scrooge objects to Fred having married at all.
Scrooge refuses to hear anymore. Scrooge could have family, if only he would allow himself to. But he does not. Scrooge is especially disgruntled when Fred mentions his wife, for example. Active Themes Two gentlemen call next, asking Scrooge which one of the two partners listed above the door he is.
Scrooge informs them that Marley died seven years ago this very night. The two gentlemen hope that Scrooge will be as generous to their cause as Marley was. They say the poor are especially in need at Christmas time. From this exchange, it sounds like Marley was at least somewhat generous.
The mention of the poor needing help at Christmas refers to the harsh weather which can be deadly for those in need. The gentlemen reply that the workhouse hardly encourages Christian seasonal merriment, and that some would rather die than be put there.
Scrooge responds that the poor deserve to die and relieve the surplus population. The gentlemen leave and Scrooge goes back to work in even more of a temper.
Scrooge represents the ignorant attitude of the wealthy classes that Dickens despised in his own society. Scrooge sees the workhouses as a solution to a problem, and shuts out the idea that their inhabitants are real feeling human beings.Summary.
A mean-spirited, miserly old man named Ebenezer Scrooge sits in his counting-house on a frigid Christmas Eve. His clerk, Bob Cratchit, shivers in the anteroom because Scrooge refuses to spend money on heating coals for a fire.
Children's Christmas Stories We read and reviewed over Christmas Stories. We felt that younger children would get the most enjoyment from the 30 titles we selected below. # - Picture of Xmas musical symbol, decorated green Christmas tree..
# - Christmas tree border, silver treble clef, festive melody on.. # - Christmas song composed of colorful shiny christmas tree balls. A summary of Stave Three: The Second of the Three Spirits in Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of A Christmas Carol and what it means.
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