Basics of stem cell research

Properties[ edit ] The classical definition of a stem cell requires that it possesses two properties: In the strictest sense, this requires stem cells to be either totipotent or pluripotent —to be able to give rise to any mature cell type, although multipotent or unipotent progenitor cells are sometimes referred to as stem cells.

Basics of stem cell research

Stem Cell Basics Cells in the human body The human body comprises more than types of cells, and every one of these cell types arises from the zygote, the single cell that forms when an egg is fertilized by a sperm.

Within a few days, that single cell divides over and over again until it forms a blastocyst, a hollow ball of to cells that give rise to every single cell type a human body needs to survive, including the umbilical cord and the placenta that nourishes the developing fetus.

Basic cell biology Each cell type has its own size and structure appropriate for its job. Skin cells, for example, are small and compact, while nerve cells that enable you to wiggle your toes have long, branching nerve fibers called axons that conduct electrical impulses. Cells with similar functionality form tissues, and tissues organize to form organs.

Each cell has its own job within the tissue in which it is found, and all of the cells in a tissue and organ work together to make sure the organ functions properly.

Stem Cell Information There are two main types of stem cells — adult and embryonic: Each has its own characteristics.
Stem cells: What they are and what they do When looking at the advantages of the use of stem cells to help cure diseases such as Parkinson's diseases, heart defects, Leukemia, burn injuries and organ transplantation, the ethical controversy holds no value.
Stem Cell Basics | FAQ What Is Stem Cell Therapy Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth.

Regardless of their size or structure, all human cells start with these things in common: Different cells read and carry out different instructions from the DNA, depending on what those cells are designed to do. Your DNA determines virtually everything about your body, from the color of your eyes to your blood type and even how susceptible you are to certain diseases.

Some diseases and conditions, such as color blindness, also are passed down through DNA. The cytoplasm contains various components that make the materials that the cell needs to do its job.

Benefits of Stem Cells

Cells have to be able to communicate to work together in tissues and organs. Shortly before division, the DNA replicates and then the cell divides into twodaughtercells. About stem cells Stem cells are the foundation of development in plants, animals and humans.

In humans, there are many different types of stem cells that come from different places in the body or are formed at different times in our lives.

These include embryonic stem cells that exist only at the earliest stages of development and various types of tissue-specific or adult stem cells that appear during fetal development and remain in our bodies throughout life. Stem cells are defined by two characteristics: They can make copies of themselves, or self-renew They can differentiate, or develop, into more specialized cells Beyond these two things, though, stem cells differ a great deal in their behaviors and capabilities.

Other cells are multipotent, meaning they can generate a few different cell types, generally in a specific tissue or organ. As the body develops and ages, the number and type of stem cells changes.

Totipotent cells are no longer present after dividing into the cells that generate the placenta and umbilical cord. Learn more about different types of stem cells here.In a stem cell transplant, the patient gets high-dose chemotherapy to kill the cells in the bone marrow.

Then the patient receives new, healthy blood-forming stem cells.

Keep Exploring Britannica

When stem cell transplants were first developed, the new stem cells came from bone marrow, and so this was known as a bone marrow. A cancer diagnosis can be overwhelming. Find out about coping with the emotional, practical and physical effects.

Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.

They are found in multicellular organisms.. In mammals, there are two broad types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, which are isolated from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in various tissues.

Stem cells: What they are and what they do. Stem cells and derived products offer great promise for new medical treatments. Learn about stem cell types, current and possible uses, ethical issues, and the state of research and practice. Stem Cell Basics This primer on stem cells is intended for anyone who wishes to learn more about the biological properties of stem cells, the important questions about stem cells that are the focus of scientific research, and the potential use of stem cells in research and in treating disease.

Stem cells are immature blood cells found in the bone marrow and blood.

Basics of stem cell research

Even though they start out the same, these stem cells can mature into all types of blood cells (details below). People with certain types of cancer can sometimes be helped by a stem cell transplant to treat or even cure the.

Stem Cell Basics