Reply As published on the international Pugwash website.
Sasson report on Illegal outposts - Israel report that documented the fact that numerous "outposts" were created in the occupied territories without government approval and in blatant violation of the law. Both sides promised to end violence and resume negotiations under the roadmap.
UN Security Council Resolution - For the first time, the Security Council adopts an internationally recognized definition of terror and calls on member countries to fight terrorism. Several judges also submitted concurring or dissenting opinions: UN Security Council Resolution - This resolution is aimed at Syria and was an unsuccessful attempt to prevent the amendment of the Lebanese constitution to allow Syrian-sponsored Emile Lahoud to remain President for an additional three years.
It calls for an end to interference in Lebanese internal affairs and for withdrawal of foreign Syrian troops from Lebanon.
UN Security Council Resolution - This resolution, introduced by Russia, adopts the quartet roadmap for peace between Palestinians and Israel as UN policy, explicitly endorses a permanent two-state solution to the conflict and calls on the sides to implement their obligations under the roadmap.
This General Assembly Resolution condemned the fence as illegal, after the US threatened to veto a similar resolution in the Security Council.
Purported Letter of Iranian government to the US government - A letter having this content was supposedly sent by the government of Iran to the United States in It promised Iranian acceptance of the Arab peace initiative and cessation of terror in return for US concessions and cooperation.
It was rebuffed by the US government. Draft Palestinian Constitution - Under pressure for reform, Palestinians evolved a draft constitution based upon the basic law.
The democratic constitution was one of the demands of the Middle East Peace Roadmap as well as of Palestinians. Comments on the constitution by Dr. Sami Aldeeb, a Palestinian legal expert, are given here.
President Bush announced that he will treat it as "advisory," meaning that he will ignore it.
Quartet Road Map Statement - Sept. The Quartet issued the statement below regarding a road map for peace on September 17, President George Bush Jr: Speech on the Palestine-Israel Conflict - In this controversial and historic speech, delivered following repeated Palestinian terror attacks and while Israel had reoccupied all of the West Bank in retaliation, US President Bush called for establishment of a Palestinian state following democratic reform.
UN Security Council Resolution - Calls for lifting the restrictions on the work of humanitarian organizations in Jenin and for a fact finding committee to investigate the conditions following Israeli operations against terrorists. The resolution was passed following Palestinian allegations of a massacre in Jenin.
It was passed against the backdrop of continuing Israeli incursions and continuing Palestinian suicide attacks. The towns were occupied and the Israeli Army defeated entrenched guerilla forces of the Al-Aqsa Martyrs suicide brigades, after Palestinians stepped up attacks at the end of March.
The almost daily attacks included a suicide attack that killed 27 people in a Nethanya hotel while they were celebrating the Passover holiday. UN Security Council Resolution - This resolution was adopted in the face of mounting violence and failure to obtain a ceasefire.
Israel had invaded Balata refugee camp following several Palestinian suicide attacks and other incidents. The Security Council called for establishment of a Palestinian state.
As modified by the Arab summit, the plan apparently calls for Israeli withdrawal from all territories occupied since and return of the Palestine refugees to Israel, in return for recognition of Israel and normal relations. The conference modified the proposal of Saudi Arabia by making explicit reference to UN resolution and adding other stipulations that seem to mean that only return of the refugees to Israel would be acceptable.
The King of Jordan and President of Egypt did not attend. Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat was prevented from attending by the Israeli government.
Thirteenth Arab League summit in Amman calls for renewal of Arab League boycott against Israel and other steps, but takes no decisive action. The Palestinian and Israel Proposals at Taba regarding the Refugee Problem - The Palestine refugee problem remains perhaps the most difficult obstacle facing Israeli and Palestinian negotiators.
In Januarythe sides met at Taba in a last-minute effort to salvage a peace agreement.The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty is the main factor allowing the community to hold back such a development of events, providing at the same time for the development of international cooperation in the sphere of peaceful use of nuclear energy.
Nov 20, · AOA, A couple of days back, I was required to make a presentation on Energy Crisis in Pakistan and its consequences. Though it was in form of powerpoint presentation, yet I initially made an essay of.
In nuclear strategy, a first strike is a preemptive surprise attack employing overwhelming force. First strike capability is a country's ability to defeat another nuclear power by destroying its arsenal to the point where the attacking country can survive the weakened retaliation while the opposing side is left unable to continue war.
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Sherman Kent, the Yale historian who directed the Office of National Estimates from to , is a legend at the CIA, revered for professionalizing U.S.
intelligence analysis. It could have been different. In the second half of the s, together with the U.S., we launched a process of reducing nuclear weapons and lowering the nuclear threat.