Hiatal hernia Hiatal hernia A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through your diaphragm into your chest cavity. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest diaphragm. Your diaphragm has a small opening hiatus through which your food tube esophagus passes before connecting to your stomach.
Ancient world[ edit ] Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt[ edit ] Birth control and abortion are well documented in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. See History of abortion. It describes various contraceptive pessariesincluding acacia gumwhich recent research has confirmed to have spermatocidal qualities and is still used in contraceptive jellies.
Other birth control methods mentioned in the papyrus include the application of gummy substances to cover the "mouth of the womb" i. Lactation breast-feeding of up to three years was also used for birth control purposes in ancient Egypt.
Other plants commonly used for birth control in ancient Greece include Queen Anne's lace Daucus carotawillowdate palmpomegranatepennyroyalartemisiamyrrhand rue.
Some of these plants are toxic and ancient Greek documents specify safe dosages. Recent studies have confirmed the birth control properties of many of these plants, confirming for example that Queen Anne's lace has post coital anti-fertility properties.
|History of birth control||Definition[ edit ] Most teenage pregnancies in developed countries involve legal adults.|
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Queen Anne's lace is still used today for birth control in India. Himesmost methods of birth control used in antiquity were Pregnancy and birth control essay ineffective.
However, it is not known if these methods were used primarily as birth control methods or to preserve the man's yang. In the same century Sun Simiao documented the "thousand of gold contraceptive prescription" for women who no longer want to bear children.
This prescription, which was supposed to induce sterility, was made of oil and quicksilver heated together for one day and taken orally. Medieval and early modern period[ edit ] Early Islam[ edit ] In the late 9th to early 10th century, the Persian physician Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi documented coitus interruptuspreventing ejaculation and the use of pessaries to block the cervix as birth control methods.
He described a number of pessaries, including elephant dung, cabbages and pitchused alone or in combination.
In the early 10th century the Persian Polymath Abu Ali al-Hussain ibn Abdallah ibn Sinaknown in Europe as Avicenna, included a chapter on birth control in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicinelisting 20 different methods of preventing conception.
South Asia[ edit ] Indians used a variety of birth control methods since ancient times, including a potion made of powdered palm leaf and red chalkas well as pessaries made of honeygheerock salt or the seeds of the palasa tree. A variety of birth control prescriptions, mainly made up of herbs and other plants, are listed in the 12th century Ratirahasya "Secrets of Love" and in the 15th century Ananga Ranga "The Stage of the God of Love".
Riddle attributed this to attempts of European states to "repopulate" Europe after dramatic losses following the plague epidemics that started in In the bull, which is sometimes referred to as the "Witch-Bull of ", the witches were explicitly accused of having "slain infants yet in the mother's womb" abortion and of "hindering men from performing the sexual act and women from conceiving" contraception.
Institoriswho at the time was inquisitor for TyrolSalzburgBohemia and Moravia. The authors accused witches, among other things, of infanticide and having the power to steal men's penises.
Casanova in the 18th century was one of the first reported using "assurance caps" to prevent impregnating his mistresses. The economist Thomas Malthus argued in An Essay on the Principle of Population that population growth generally expanded in times and in regions of plenty until the size of the population relative to the primary resources caused distress.
He demonstrated that two types of checks hold population within resource limits: The positive checks include hunger, disease and war; the preventive checks, abortion, birth control, prostitution, postponement of marriage and celibacy.Quality Care.
Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. Make an appointment. The history of birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, refers to the methods or devices that have been historically used to prevent pregnancy. Planning and provision of birth control is called family planning.
In some times and cultures, abortion had none of the stigma which it has today, making birth control less important; abortion was in practice a means of birth.
Birth control: Birth control, the voluntary limiting of human reproduction, using such means as sexual abstinence, contraception, induced abortion, and surgical sterilization. It includes the spacing as well as the number of children in a family.
Birth control encompasses the wide range of rational and irrational. If you’re taking test for birth control, there is no PCT, you never come off.
You also don’t take nearly as much as a bodybuilder would, so you don’t have some of the more significant sides. Teenage pregnancy, also known as adolescent pregnancy, is pregnancy in a female under the age of Pregnancy can occur with sexual intercourse after the start of ovulation, which can be before the first menstrual period (menarche) but usually occurs after the onset of periods.
In well-nourished females, the first period usually takes place around the age of 12 or Birth control pills can be an effective way of preventing an unwanted pregnancy. They can also ease period pains and help with acne, but they may also have some undesirable side effects.