Because the experience of overbearing British central authority was vivid in colonial minds, the drafters of the Articles deliberately established a confederation of sovereign states.
The Congress, consisting of delegates appointed by the legislatures of the 13 colonies, had been meeting since April It had created an army and navy, waged war against the British, sent ambassadors to foreign countries, created a post office, and printed money to pay for it all.
But, it had done so without any written authority, as a matter of necessity. As the states were drafting state constitutions, Congress would draft a national charter.
On June 12,Congress appointed a committee, consisting of one delegate from each colony, "to prepare and digest the form of a confederation". On July 4,Congress declared independence, and the colonies became states. Eight days later, the committee reported a first draft of the Articles of Confederation.
Then matters slowed down. Confederation was complicated and contentious. Congress debated the Articles through July and Augustand then from April to Juneand finally finished in October and November Four main issues agitated Congress: Should the powers of the national government be broadly or narrowly defined?
How should the expenses of the national government be apportioned among the states? Should large states have more representation in Congress than small states? Should the national government assume ownership and control of land west of the Appalachians?
By the time Congress took up the remaining issues, it had been driven from Philadelphia by the British, and settled in the county courthouse of York, Pennsylvania below. In October,Congress considered the matter of expenses. No one in wanted the national government to have the power to impose taxes.
The delegates had had enough bad experience with the British government imposing taxes from afar. So, national expenses would need to be apportioned among the states. The states would impose their own taxes, as they thought best, and forward money to Congress. But, how should expenses be apportioned?
One obvious answer was population, but this forced the question of whether to count the enslaved.
However one felt about slavery, it was hard to deny that enslaved persons generated less wealth than free persons. And in any case, there had been no census, so no one knew how many people lived in each state.Full Answer.
The drafting of the Articles of Confederation began soon after the Declaration of Independence was approved on July 4, Due to the concerns of individual states about an overly strong central government, the power of taxation remained with the states.
the convention of United States statesmen who drafted the United States Constitution in , The meeting of state delegates in in Philadelphia called to revise the Articles of Confederation. It instead designed a new plan of government, the US Constitution.
Signing of the United States Constitution by Junius Brutus Stearns, oil on canvas The transition from the Articles of Confederation to the United States Constitution wasn't a seamless one, and fixing the problems of the Articles of Confederation required a series of .
The present United States Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation on March 4, Articles of Confederation: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Services and Programs, Digital Reference Section, Library of Congress) This collection contains documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and.
The Signing of the United States Constitution occurred on September 17, , at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, when 39 delegates to the Constitutional Convention, representing 12 states (all but Rhode Island, which declined to send delegates), endorsed the Constitution created during the four-month-long convention.
Drafting The Articles of Confederation In June , constitution making was in the air. The American colonies were preparing to declare independence from Great Britain, and as part of the process, their legislatures were scrapping their colonial charters and replacing them with state constitutions.